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  2. Understand your audience
  3. Research methods
  4. Overview of Research Methods
  5. Experiments
  6. Conducting


How to do it?

When conducting experimental research, the following activities should be performed:

  • Welcome the participant
  • Obtain participant’s consent to participate in the experiment and permission to use the data
  • Discuss anonymity/confidentiality issues
  • Recap the purpose of the study
  • Outline the procedure, providing an estimate of the time taken to finish the study
  • Provide opportunity to ask questions
  • Provide instructions detailing each task the participant will perform
  • If the experiment includes a complex or unfamiliar task, a training phase should be included
  • Be aware of possible difficulties or doubts during the participant’s performance in the tasks
  • If a task takes too long to be completed, make sure to give some time for the participant to rest before starting a new task
  • Once all the tasks in the experiment have been completed, consider conducting a postexperimental interview. This interview can provide information regarding the participants’ thinking and strategies used during the experiment, which can help explain their behaviour. Also, if the experiment contained a deception this is a good way of determining if the participants’ believed or suspected what was the true purpose of the study.
  • Provide the debriefing form. If the experiment contained a deception, the true purpose of the study should be clearly explained and why it was necessary to use such a strategy.
  • Reiterate confidentiality
  • Give opportunity for questions
  • Provide information about any follow-ups (if applicable)
  • Offer thanks and farewells



Methods selection decision aid

Take this short quiz to learn what are the best 3 methods to understand your audience and answer your research question(s).